regarding Paul, another idea I have floating around - from the astrotheology - is that there are ancient (Greek?) calendars that divide the year up into 13 months of 28 days and 1 days for God. You can find in more accurate astrology that there are 13 signs of the zodiac, including the constellation of Ophiuchus.
So, when this system was in place, it would naturally be that there were 13 disciples - if the myth were consistant with 12 signs of the zodiac.
But at some point - and I guess it was because 12 factors into more numbers, ie 2,3,4,6, and has more symmetry, ie the cross, as such, symmetrical mathematics was more Godly than the 13 prime number, the calendar was changed to 12 months.
This would mean that 1 disciple had to be abandoned.
Firing up Starry Night shows that the zodiacal constellation that has the suns presence the least, is Ophiuchus - only the extremes of his foot has the sun pass through it. Indeed, if you search the web for a caricature of Ophiuchus, you will find an image that almost fits exactly the image of St Paul.
this is a common pic of Ophiuchus
and here is a stained glass window depicting a common image of St Paul
Now if we go to the Bible, we find that Paul is proclaiming himelf an apostle, but that he has never met Jesus - only caught a glimpse of him (ie his conversion, which I believe is telling us in analogy that he stared at the Sun/Jesus - which explains why he went blind for a few days) - this would be paralleled by the Suns travells through the ecliptic passing underneath Ophiuchus, close enough for Ophiuchus to get a vision, but not close enough to be a real disciple?
Now Paul is a bit of an outsider to the 12 disciples in the Bible, and this too could be explained by the astrotheology by having to discard one of the signs of the zodiac.
Perhaps the Paul story is someones attempt to reconsile the 'loser' as in the ousted star-sign, as first starting off angry from being ousted and persecuting the tormentors, to reconsiling the anger and eventually growing to become stronger than (the other disciples). Its a parable of the bullied losing their anger and becoming wise and growing more powerful than the bullies?
I also find it more than a coincidence that Paul was without sight for 3 days and ate or drank nothing. As soon as I see 'three' in biblical talk, I instantly connect to the winter solstice/rebirth> Was this part of the Paul story analoguously retelling the event of the winter solstice? Would Paul/Saul-->Sol be a mythical connection to Jesus, in the same way Apollonius is connected to Apollo?